白洋工作室 Uncategorized 紫微斗数的英文该怎么翻译?

紫微斗数的英文该怎么翻译?

作者: 白洋 | 发布: 2009年05月14日 | 

这个网站(Chinese Astrology – ZI Wei Dou Shu)把紫微斗数归类到占星术(Astrology)里面,当然是没有问题的。很多人以为只有西方人用占星,其实中国也有自己的本土占星术,比如七政四余,比如十八飞星,比如紫微斗数,无非紫微斗数全用虚星而已。西洋占星虚星、实星兼而用之,其实是术数发展还不够成熟之缘故,最终还是要走向虚星。否则类似冥王星不再是“十大行星”这个情况,就够占星界晕菜的。

        紫微音译为“ziwei”,马马虎虎。但这个斗数翻译成为“Dou Shu” ,就是误解了“斗”之意义。“斗”乃动词,安星布宫之义。“数”好比方程式。分析紫微斗数,就好比解方程一样,否则不如叫紫微神数,紫微天数,名头更响亮些。   

        翻译紫微斗数是非常困难的一件事,因为紫斗对应的人事太细致,而在外语里面,官衔、称谓、辈分等官制或民俗类的内容,恰恰是最难找到对等的词汇的。比如天相是辅臣,或为宰辅或为副官,权力由紫微决定,如果翻译成“Minister Star (Tian Xiang)”,Minister是部长、大臣,虽然职权和天相接近,但天相最关键的一个意义——副(贰),这层意思却表达不出来。

        天机翻译成为“Mercy Star”,也够歧义的。确实天机是善星,但也是谋士星,智慧星,单纯一个mercy,善良而已,容易让老外以为天机是笨蛋,那当然不是的,天机有时候也很滑头。

        至于其他的星曜的对应翻译,都是存在类似的误读,不一而足。But anyway,起码有人捣鼓出来了一个老外可以明白的紫微斗数词汇表,也算是功德无量,造福苍生了。幸甚幸甚!

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附录:

CHINESE ASTROLOGY

ZI WEI DOU SHU

Zi WEi Dou Shu is a branch of Chinese Astrology. It utilizes the Chinese Lunar Calendar. A Zi Wei Dou Shu chart is divided into 12 palaces representing the 12 chinese earthly animals. Each palace corresponds to a particular aspect or part of our life. Each of these palaces are governed by major and minor stars. These stars have their own characteristics that affect the palace they are in.There are about 115 stars which govern the characteristics of the various palaces.The stars are not the actual celestial bodies in the Universe. They are merely mathematical symbols bearing different properties.

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zi-wei-dou-shu-chart

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A palace is affected and influenced by the adjacent palaces, the opposite palace and the related harmony palaces. When there are no major stars in a palace which is under study , the major stars in the opposite palace is then examined as if the stars there are actually in the palace being analyzed. This is because the opposite palace is like a mirror image of the palace being analyzed. These two palaces have the strongest influence on each other.

The palaces rotate around the chart.A person has a 10 year luck chart and an annual luck chart. A person’s first 10 year luck chart is the same as the original natal chart. The second 10 year luck chart has the Life Palace either occupying the Parents Palace or Siblings Palace depending upon whether being a male of a female. The other palaces move one place following the Life Palace. This rotation in the chart causes our luck to change.

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the-twelve-palaces

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The 14 Major Stars are(14主星):
Mercy Star (Tian Ji) 天机
Sun (Tai Yang) 太阳
Finance Star (Wu Qu) 武曲
Lucky Star (Tian Tong) 天同
Treasury Star (Tian Fu) 天府
Moon (Tai Yin) 太阴
Flirting Star (Tan Lang) 贪狼
Gloomy Star (Ju Men) 巨门
Blessing Star (Tian Liang) 天梁
Power Star (Qi Sha) 七杀
Ruinous Star (Po Jun) 破军
Wicked Star (Lian Zhen)廉贞
Minister Star (Tian Xiang)天相
Emperor Star (Zi Wei)紫微

……
The Lucky Stars are(吉星):

Angel 1 (Tian Kui)天魁
Angel 2 (Tian Yue)天钺
Deputy 1 (Zuo Fu)左辅
Deputy 2 (You Bi)右弼
Intellect Star (Wen chang)文昌
Intelligence Star (Wen Qu)文曲
……

The Harmful Stars are(凶星):

Worrisome Star (Tuo Luo)陀罗
Troublesome Star (Qing Yang)擎羊
Fiery Star (Huo Xing)火星
Siren Star (Ling Xing)铃星
Misfortune Star (Di Kong)地空
Calamity Star (Di Jie)地劫
……
The Auxiliary Stars are(辅星):

Abundance Star (Lu Cun)禄存
Pegasus (Tian Ma)天马
Stern Star (tian Xing)天刑
Romance Star (Tian Yao)天姚
Wedding Star (Hong Luan)红鸾
Birth Star (Tian Xi) 天喜

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